Shaping the State

Overview of Key Demographic Trends Facing Ohio and Implications for Policy-making and Ohio’s Future Competitiveness

Greater Ohio Policy Center conducted this comparative analysis of demographic trends in Ohio, its metros and the nation from 2000 to 2008.  The analysis builds on the national trends articulated in the Brookings Institution’s State of Metropolitan America report : State of Metropolitan America: On the Front Lines of Demographic Transformation.

These trends have critical implications for the future of our state and it is our contention that they should guide future policy-making aimed at positioning Ohio to compete successfully in the next economy, which will be low-carbon, export-oriented, metropolitan-lead, and innovation-driven and is discussed in more detail in our recent report Restoring Prosperity: Transforming Ohio Communities for the Next Economy.

Trend

Nation

Ohio

Population

Growing

Stagnant:

Some metros experienced population loss.

Racial and Ethnic Diversification

Steadily increasing

Slowly increasing:

Ohio experienced low levels of immigration compared to other states, but growth in racial and ethnic minorities, as well as immigrants account for a slight uptick in the state's overall growth.

Physical Form of Growth

Outward expansion with population growth Outward expansion without population growth.

Aging

Overall aging population

Overall aging population:

Population aging more rapidly due to combination of increasing number of seniors and loss of young population.

Income

Income polarization

Income polarization:

More dramatic declines in average median income and higher growth in the poverty rate.

Education

Uneven levels of educational attainment across races and ages

Uneven levels of educational attainment across races and ages:

Increased number of residents with bachelor's degree, but still below the national average for higer educational attainment.

To see detailed data analysis on a specific demographic trend either click on the relevant anaylsis listed below or use the hyperlinks in the table above.